Guidelines for writing OMERO.scripts

These guidelines for writing OMERO scripts are designed to improve the interaction of the scripts with OMERO clients so that they can:

  • generate a nice, usable UI for the script

  • handle the script results appropriately

Scripting movie ROI figure

Movie ROI figure script UI

If you want instructions on how to get started with OMERO scripts, see the link above or the OMERO.scripts user guide.

Most of the points below are implemented in the example

Script naming and file path

  • Script Name should be in the form ‘’. The OMERO.web and OMERO.insight clients will replace underscores with spaces in the script selection menu.

  • File paths - The clients will use the parent folder to build a scripts menu, capitalising and removing underscores. For example, a script uploaded from /omero/export_scripts/ will be displayed in the clients under “Export Scripts”.

  • Script Descriptions should give a brief summary of what the script does. If a longer description or instructions for using the script are desired, it is suggested that a URL is included. The description will be displayed in the script UI and any URLs will be ‘clickable’ to launch a browser.


  • Parameter Names should be in the form ‘Parameter_Name’. Underscores will be replaced by spaces in the UI generated in the clients.

  • Where applicable, parameters should be supplied with a list of options. For example:

    scripts.String("Algorithm", values=[rstring('Maximum_Intensity'),rstring('Mean_Intensity')] )
  • Where possible, parameters should be supplied with default values. These will be used to populate fields in the clients script UI and will be used by default when launching the script from the command line.

    scripts.String("Folder_Name", description="Name of folder to store images", default='Batch_Image_Export'),
  • Where applicable, parameters should have min and max values, e.g.:

    scripts.Int("Size_Z", description="Number of Z planes in new image", min=1),

Parameter grouping / ordering

Parameters are not ordered by default. They can be ordered and grouped by adding a “grouping” attribute, which is a string, where ‘groups’ are separated by a ‘.’ e.g. “01.A”. Parameters will be ordered by the lexographic sorting of this string and groups indicated in the UI. In most cases this will simply be a common indentation of parameters in the same group. In addition, if the ‘parent’ parameter of a group is a boolean, then un-checking the check-box in the UI will disable the child parameters. For example a UI generated from the code below will have a ‘Show Scalebar’ option. If this is un-checked, then the ‘Size’ and ‘Colour’ parameters will be disabled and will not be passed to the script.

scripts.Bool("Show_Scalebar", grouping="10", default=True),
scripts.Int("Scalebar_Size", grouping="10.1"),
scripts.String("Scalebar_Colour", grouping="10.2"),

Pick selected Images, Datasets or Projects from OMERO clients

Both OMERO.insight and OMERO.web recognize and populate a pair of fields named ‘Data_Type’ (string) and ‘IDs’ (Long list) with the objects currently selected in the client UI when the script is launched. You should specify the ‘Data_Type’ options that your script should accept. For example:

dataTypes = [rstring('Dataset'),rstring('Image')]

client = scripts.client('', "Export a figure of thumbnails",
    scripts.String("Data_Type", optional=False, grouping="01", values=dataTypes, default="Dataset"),
    scripts.List("IDs", optional=False, grouping="02").ofType(rlong(0))

Script outputs

  • Scripts may return a short message to report success or failure. This should use the key: ‘Message’ in the output map. This will be displayed in clients when the script completes.

    client.setOutput("Message", rstring("Script generated new Image"))
  • Scripts that generate an Image should return the omero.model.ImageI object. The clients will provide a link to view the Image. The key that is used (“Image” in this example) is not important for this to work, but ‘image’ should be an omero.model.ImageI object.

  • Scripts that generate a File Annotation or Original File should return these objects. The clients will give users the option of downloading the File, and may also allow viewing of the file if it is of a suitable type. This should be set as the mimetype of the File Annotation (e.g. ‘plain/text’, ‘image/jpeg’, etc.). In this example, fileAnnotation should be an omero.model.FileAnnotationI object, but could also be an omero.model.OriginalFileI object.

  • Scripts that generate a URL link should return the omero.rtypes.rmap, with the following keys: “type”: “URL”, “href”: “URL address to open”, “title”: “Help message”. The client will give users the option of opening the URL in a new browser window/tab. To use this feature the URL omero.types.rmap should use the key: ‘URL’ in the output map.

    url = omero.rtypes.wrap({
        "type": "URL",
        "href": "",
        "title": "Open URL link to OME's website.",
    client.setOutput("URL", url)

More tips

  • Use the ‘unwrap()’ function from omero.rtypes to unwrap rtypes from the script parameters since this function will iteratively unwrap lists, maps, etc..

    from omero.rtypes import *
    scriptParams = {}
    for key in client.getInputKeys():
        if client.getInput(key):
            scriptParams[key] = unwrap(client.getInput(key))
    print(scriptParams)    # stdout will be returned - useful for bug fixing etc.